IAS 24 RELATED PARTY DISCLOSURES

Objective of IAS 24

The objective of IAS 24 is to ensure that an entity’s financial statements contain the disclosures necessary to draw attention to the possibility that its financial position and profit or loss may have been affected by the existence of related parties and by transactions and outstanding balances with such parties.


Who Are Related Parties?

A related party is a person or entity that is related to the entity that is preparing its financial statements (referred to as the ‘reporting entity’) [IAS 24.9].

  • (a) A person or a close member of that person’s family is related to a reporting entity if that person:
    • (i) has control or joint control over the reporting entity;
    • (ii) has significant influence over the reporting entity; or
    • (iii) is a member of the key management personnel of the reporting entity or of a parent of the reporting entity.
  • (b) An entity is related to a reporting entity if any of the following conditions applies:
    • (i) The entity and the reporting entity are members of the same group (which means that each parent, subsidiary and fellow subsidiary is related to the others).
    • (ii) One entity is an associate or joint venture of the other entity (or an associate or joint venture of a member of a group of which the other entity is a member).
    • (iii) Both entities are joint ventures of the same third party.
    • (iv) One entity is a joint venture of a third entity and the other entity is an associate of the third entity.
    • (v) The entity is a post-employment defined benefit plan for the benefit of employees of either the reporting entity or an entity related to the reporting entity. If the reporting entity is itself such a plan, the sponsoring employers are also related to the reporting entity.
    • (vi) The entity is controlled or jointly controlled by a person identified in (a).
    • (vii) A person identified in (a)(i) has significant influence over the entity or is a member of the key management personnel of the entity (or of a parent of the entity).

The following are deemed not to be related: [IAS 24.11]

  • two entities simply because they have a director or key manager in common
  • two venturers who share joint control over a joint venture
  • providers of finance, trade unions, public utilities, and departments and agencies of a government that does not control, jointly control or significantly influence the reporting entity, simply by virtue of their normal dealings with an entity (even though they may affect the freedom of action of an entity or participate in its decision-making process)
  • a single customer, supplier, franchiser, distributor, or general agent with whom an entity transacts a significant volume of business merely by virtue of the resulting economic dependence

What Are Related Party Transactions?

A related party transaction is a transfer of resources, services, or obligations between related parties, regardless of whether a price is charged. [IAS 24.9]

Disclosure

Relationships between parents and subsidiaries.

Regardless of whether there have been transactions between a parent and a subsidiary, an entity must disclose the name of its parent and, if different, the ultimate controlling party. If neither the entity’s parent nor the ultimate controlling party produces financial statements available for public use, the name of the next most senior parent that does so must also be disclosed. [IAS 24.16]

Management compensation.

Disclose key management personnel compensation in total and for each of the following categories: [IAS 24.17]

  • short-term employee benefits
  • post-employment benefits
  • other long-term benefits
  • termination benefits
  • share-based payment benefits

Key management personnel are those persons having authority and responsibility for planning, directing, and controlling the activities of the entity, directly or indirectly, including any directors (whether executive or otherwise) of the entity. [IAS 24.9]

Related party transactions.

If there have been transactions between related parties, disclose the nature of the related party relationship as well as information about the transactions and outstanding balances necessary for an understanding of the potential effect of the relationship on the financial statements. These disclosure would be made separately for each category of related parties and would include: [IAS 24.18-19]

  • the amount of the transactions
  • the amount of outstanding balances, including terms and conditions and guarantees
  • provisions for doubtful debts related to the amount of outstanding balances
  • expense recognised during the period in respect of bad or doubtful debts due from related parties

Examples of the Kinds of Transactions that Are Disclosed If They Are with a Related Party

  • purchases or sales of goods
  • purchases or sales of property and other assets
  • rendering or receiving of services
  • leases
  • transfers of research and development
  • transfers under licence agreements
  • transfers under finance arrangements (including loans and equity contributions in cash or in kind)
  • provision of guarantees or collateral
  • commitments to do something if a particular event occurs or does not occur in the future, including executory contracts (recognised and unrecognised)
  • settlement of liabilities on behalf of the entity or by the entity on behalf of another party

A statement that related party transactions were made on terms equivalent to those that prevail in arm’s length transactions should be made only if such terms can be substantiated. [IAS 24.21]